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Gaozu (Chinese: ; pinyin: Gāozǔ; Wade–Giles: Kao1-tsu3; lit.: 'high forefather') is an imperial temple name typically used for Chinese emperors who founded a particular dynasty. It may refer to:

It may also refer to those who never officially declared themselves as emperors, but were posthumously given the title by their imperial descendants:

  • Sima Yi (179–251), Emperor Gaozu of the Jin dynasty (265–420)
  • Zhang Shi (Former Liang) (died in 320), Emperor Gaozu of Former Liang (320–376)
  • Murong Hui (269–333), Emperor Gaozu of Former Yan (337–370)
  • Gao Huan (496–547), Emperor Taizu of Northern Qi (550–577)

See also[edit]