Underwood, Iowa

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Underwood, Iowa
Underwood, Iowa Memorial Hall
Underwood, Iowa Memorial Hall
Location of Underwood, Iowa
Location of Underwood, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°23′13″N 95°40′43″W / 41.38694°N 95.67861°W / 41.38694; -95.67861Coordinates: 41°23′13″N 95°40′43″W / 41.38694°N 95.67861°W / 41.38694; -95.67861
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyPottawattamie
Government
 • MayorDennis Bardsley
 • Mayor Pro-temRobert Dose
Area
 • Total1.12 sq mi (2.91 km2)
 • Land1.10 sq mi (2.84 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation
1,070 ft (326 m)
Population
 • Total917
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
956
 • Density871.47/sq mi (336.38/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
51576
Area code(s)712
FIPS code19-79500
GNIS feature ID0462415
WebsiteCity of Underwood

Underwood is a city in Pottawattamie County, Iowa, United States. The population was 917 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Underwood is located in Norwalk Township, so the early history of the township is also of the town. The historical information provided here was taken from a book on Pottawattamie County's past. The principal early settlers of the area arrived during the period from 1845 to 1850. In 1847, a flour mill and a saw mill were built on Mosquito Creek, southwest of the present site of Underwood. In 1850, the flour mill was destroyed by a flood. The first school was built in 1863 and soon more homes were built near the school and saw mill. It became known as Downsville. A post office was established there.[4]

With the coming of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad in 1869, the town of Underwood was established three miles northeast of Downsville, which was later abandoned and has entirely disappeared (with the exception of a cemetery). In 1882, the other railroad that crossed through Norwalk Township, Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul, built a station house, erected a water tank and laid a switch. These improvements were on portions of the farms owned by two men and their farms were to be surveyed and divided into town lots. The name Underwood comes from the name of the first engineer to run a train over the Milwaukee tracks. Two farmers cut the corn stalks off to make a road to the Milwaukee tracks so the depot could be built. This path later became "Main Street".[4]

In 1902, the town was incorporated, a town marshal appointed, sidewalks constructed and a jail built at the cost of $140. The first addition to the town was presented to the town council in 1903. The old school house was moved onto town property and made into a town hall. In 1905, five street lamps were purchased, sidewalks and streets were extended. From 1907 to 1910 the telephone came to town, a water works system was installed and cement sidewalks constructed. By 1917 a fire department was organized. In 1926 a new consolidated school was built at the cost of approximately $75,000. There were 62 students in high school and 116 in the grades with seven teachers in charge.[4]

In 1965, sewer mains were installed. The new Western Electric plant was finished in 1974 and they helped bring the town's sewer plant up to date.[4]

In 2012, Jack Links opened a distribution center in Underwood, providing a $15,000 donation to the community alongside this.[5]

Geography[edit]

Underwood is located at 41°23′13″N 95°40′43″W / 41.38694°N 95.67861°W / 41.38694; -95.67861 (41.386944, -95.678584).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.46 square miles (1.19 km2), all land.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1910271—    
1920260−4.1%
1930261+0.4%
1940251−3.8%
1950278+10.8%
1960337+21.2%
1970424+25.8%
1980448+5.7%
1990515+15.0%
2000688+33.6%
2010917+33.3%
2019956+4.3%
Source:"U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-03-29. and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 917 people, 330 households, and 260 families living in the city. The population density was 1,993.5 inhabitants per square mile (769.7/km2). There were 336 housing units at an average density of 730.4 per square mile (282.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.8% White, 0.9% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 330 households, of which 46.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 21.2% were non-families. 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.16.

The median age in the city was 35.2 years. 33.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.3% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 9.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 688 people, 258 households, and 178 families living in the city. The population density was 1,886.8 people per square mile (737.9/km2). There were 266 housing units at an average density of 729.5 per square mile (285.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.27% White, 0.15% Asian, 0.58% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.16% of the population.

There were 258 households, out of which 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 31.4% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,143, and the median income for a family was $56,750. Males had a median income of $35,469 versus $23,594 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,953. About 4.6% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The Underwood Community School District serves Underwood.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d "About Underwood – UnderwoodIA.Com". Retrieved 2020-09-06.
  5. ^ "JACK LINK'S® GIVES BACK TO THE UNDERWOOD, IOWA COMMUNITY – Jack Link's". web.archive.org. 2015-11-19. Retrieved 2020-09-14.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ "Underwood" (PDF). Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved 2020-03-27.

External links[edit]