Obliquus capitis inferior muscle
|Obliquus capitis inferior muscle|
Deep muscles of the back. (Obliq. infer. labeled at upper left.)
|Origin||spinous process of the axis|
|Insertion||lateral mass of atlas|
|Actions||Rotation of head and neck|
|Latin||musculus obliquus capitis inferior|
|Anatomical terms of muscle|
The obliquus capitis inferior muscle (/ /) is the larger of the two oblique muscles of the neck. It arises from the apex of the spinous process of the axis and passes laterally and slightly upward, to be inserted into the lower and back part of the transverse process of the atlas.
It forms the lower boundary of the suboccipital triangle of the neck.
The naming of this muscle may be confusing, as it is the only capitis (L. "head") muscle that does NOT attach to the cranium.
The obliquus capitis inferior muscle, like the other suboccipital muscles, has an important role in proprioception. This muscle has a very high density of Golgi organs and muscle spindles which accounts for this. It is believed that proprioception may be the primary role of the inferior oblique (and indeed the other suboccipital muscles) allowing accurate positioning of the head on the neck.
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